Many people don’t fully understand no-fault insurance or how it operates. No matter who is at fault in an accident, no-fault insurance (also known as personal injury protection insurance or PIP) can help cover medical costs and lost wages for you and your passengers.
In contrast to other forms of auto insurance, such as comprehensive, collision, and liability, no-fault insurance does not reimburse for damages based on who was at fault in an accident.
In the event of an accident that is covered by your policy, personal injury protection (PIP) will pay for reasonable and necessary medical care, lost wages, and other costs associated with the incident (after your deductible and up to your covered limit). To know more about no-fault car insurance read this article published here.
What is No-fault insurance?
It cannot be obvious to sort through the many options for auto insurance coverage and determine which one best suits your needs. We hope to clarify the meaning of “no-fault insurance” for you.
After an auto accident, you and your passengers can turn to your no-fault car insurance policy, which also covers them under the umbrella term “personal injury protection” (PIP). Regardless of, whoever committed the accident, everyone in your car is entitled to these benefits.
The responsibility for repairs is shared between the driver and the insurance company in PIP coverage, which is not the case in other forms of vehicle insurance. Case in point: liability insurance only kicks in when it’s determined that a policyholder was at fault.
As a general rule, PIP claims will be paid regardless of who was at fault. Accordingly, PIP can assist with paying medical expenses incurred by a passenger who sustains injuries due to a rear-end collision.
PIP helps pay medical fees if you’re harmed in an automobile accident caused by irresponsible backing up.
You should know that not all states offer no-fault insurance; you should research whether or not this type of coverage is available in your state. It’s also not mandatory in all jurisdictions.
Submission of a Claim for Compensation Under a No-Fault Automobile Insurance Policy
Filing a claim is simplified in the dozen or so states that have adopted no-fault vehicle insurance. Instead of going via the negligent driver’s insurance company or filing a lawsuit, you could file a claim on your own. No matter who was at fault, your insurance company will compensate you for some of your costs due to your car accident injuries.
When filing a claim under your no-fault automobile insurance policy, you won’t have to stress over whether or not your claim will be denied due to a disagreement over who was at fault for the collision. You are not responsible for convincing the insurance adjuster that the other driver caused the accident.
On the flip side, a no-fault claim doesn’t ensure a payout and restricts the types of damages you can sue for.
Does No-Fault Auto Insurance Cover All Damages?
Different states have different requirements for what is compensated by no-fault or PIP insurance, but in general, you can get money for things like:
Injury-related medical costs
Any lost wages (up to a set limit) because of your injury-related incapacity to work
Replacement services cost (if you can’t do things like housework or drive because of your injuries) and
Funeral and burial expenses would also be covered if someone were killed in the incident.
In addition to financial compensation for medical expenses and lost wages, “pain and suffering” damages may be awarded in a third-party insurance claim or lawsuit against the negligent driver. However, in a no-fault claim, you cannot seek compensation for “pain and suffering” or other “general” damages.
Do I have to get auto insurance if I don’t want no-fault coverage?
In about a dozen of United States, drivers must have no-fault affordable auto insurance. A few states use a “choice” no-fault system, and all other states offer no-fault or PIP insurance as an optional extra. For information specific to each state, please refer to the subsequent section.
Suits for automobile accidents can be filed even in “no-fault” states
In every state that follows the no-fault system for low-cost auto insurance, those who have been hurt in an accident are still free to pursue legal action or a third-party insurance claim against the negligent driver. However, state law typically sets a floor for what is considered acceptable. What exactly does that entail, then?
The state’s legal scheme sustained a “significant” injury, and
The cost of necessary medical care due to the accident was more than a predetermined amount.
Almost every state allows you to purchase “Personal Injury Protection.”
No-fault insurance has been discussed primarily in state-run insurance programs for motor vehicles up until now. Nonetheless, no-fault or “personal injury protection” coverage is an option almost all states’ mandatory minimums require auto insurers to make available to their policyholders (on top of more traditional liability-based coverage). Many of these states (including Texas) mandate that insurance providers present customers with the option of purchasing no-fault or personal injury protection coverage when they buy cheapest auto insurance; however, these policies are entirely voluntary.
You should talk to an attorney about your rights and options if you’ve been seriously hurt in a car accident in a no-fault state.